Draft Horses

The following brief summary of the draft horse breeds of today was provided by the Texas Draft Horse and Mule Association:

Texas Draft Horse and Mule Association

Keith Robertson
3729 C.R 423
Cleburne, TX 76031
(817) 517-7795

American Cream

The American Cream is the only draft horse to be developed in the United States. They are white with pink eyes.
OK State American Cream


The Belgian horse outnumbers all other draft breeds combined in the United States. It is native to the country of Belgium.
Belgium lies in the very center of that area of western Europe that gave rise to the "Great Horses". The color of the modern Belgian is a chestnut-sorrel ranging anywhere from blonde to a dark sorrel. Most have white manes and tail, a white strip in face and four white socks. They are known to be easy keepers and willing workers with an amiable disposition.
OK State Belgians


The Clydesdale was developed in and derived its name from the district in Scotland where it was founded. Its type was evolved by the farmers of Lanarkshire, through which the river Clyde flows. The old name for Lanarkshire is Clydesdale. It was bred to meet not only the agricultural needs of these farmers, but the demands of commerce for the coal fields of Lanarkshire and for all the types of heavy haulage on the streets of Glasgow. The breed thus developed soon acquired more than a local reputation and in time the breed spread throughout the whole Scotland and Northern England. The most common color in Clydesdales breed is bay. Black, brown and chestnut are also seen with roans (solid body color with white hairs throughout the coat) in all of the colors. The preferred markings are four white socks to the knees and hocks with much feathering the fetlock. Also a well-defined blaze or bald face is desirable.
OK State Clydesdale


(Percheron pictures courtesy of Lone Star Hitch , the only 6 horse hitch in Texas)
The Percheron was first bred in the Perche region of France where it is still excessively popular. It is not as "drafty" as the Belgian and has a more refined head and neck. This can be attributed to Arab and Oriental blood dating back to the development of the breed. The most common colors are black and gray.


The central counties of England are called the Shires and from these the Shire horse get its name. Some authorities believe it stemmed from the English "Great Horse". When the demand for horses to carry heavily armored knight ceased, breeders of England were quick to recognize the merits of the Shire for heavy agricultural work. The most common colors are black, brown, bay, gray, and chestnut (sorrel). Feather should be fine, straight and silky.
OK State Shire


The Great Knights of medieval times clashed in battle, the quiet farmers of Eastern England went about developing their breed of heavy horse, the Suffolk Punch. The homeland of the Suffolk horses was Norfolk and Suffolk counties in England. The Suffolk is one of the purest of all breeds of draft horses and has remained unchanged and true to its original purpose, to be a strong and faithful worker for its master. Their color is chestnut ranging in shades from light golden to dark liver. White markings occur, but in general are not as prominent as the other breeds.
OK State Suffolk

Please note: most of the pictures for this page were found on the great livestock site put up by Oklahoma State University. See my link: Horses, by Breed on the Links page, or the individual breed links in each summary.

Other Associations:

American Cream

P.O. Box 30
Charles City, IA 50616-9710

Belgian Draft Horse Corp. of America

P.O. Box 335
Wabash, IN 46992

Clydesdale Breeders of the USA

17378 Kelley Road
Pecatonica, IL 61063

Percheron Horse Assn.

P.O. Box 141
Fredericktown, OH 43019

American Shire Horse Assn.

Sharon McLin, Secretary
35380 County Road 31
Davis, CA 95616
Phone: 916-757-ASHA (2742)
Fax: 916-758-ASHA (2742)

American Suffolk Horse Assn.

RR1, Box 212
Ledbetter, TX 78946

Machinery for the Horsepowered Farm

Plows, Walking & Riding
Disk Harrows
Spike Tooth Harrows
Spring Tooth Harrows
Grain Drills and Planters
Corn Planters
Corn Binders
Hay Mowers
Side-Delivery Rakes
Sulky Rakes
The Horse Drawn Manure Spreader

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